What are the functions of cyber security?

What are the Functions of Cyber Security?

To get acquainted with the functions of cyber security, we must first learn about the field, and cyber security is one of the most important and largest technical fields that exist today, which is concerned with protecting and securing networks, devices and information from threats and electronic attacks of all kinds. The objectives of the field of cyber security can be summarized as a means of preserving three basic and necessary technical concepts, and these concepts are what is known as the CIA model:

To learn more about cyber security and its most important areas, you can view our previous article that we prepared on the winners, and here is the link: What is Cyber ​​Security (Your Comprehensive Guide) . As for cyber security jobs, they are one of the best career options at this time beside data science jobs , as their importance increases at every moment with the development and contemporary technical progress.

And this is what we saw soon with the revolution of the Internet of Things , with the spread of that technology appeared the need for a way that can be protected from hacking and electronic attacks. For this reason, a new branch of cyber security has emerged, mainly specialized in securing Internet of Things devices and communicating with them. Experts expect the emergence of new branches of cyber security constantly in light of the technological revolution we are experiencing.

The advantage of cyber security jobs is that they are very diverse. As we will see a few, there are many types of jobs in this field that suit everyone. There are jobs that do not require academic study, and there are jobs that require a bachelor’s degree and others that require a master’s degree. This diversity is also available in the requirements of these jobs, which makes them suitable for a very wide segment of people.

1. Security Engineer

Security engineers are the people whose job it is to implement, maintain, and monitor security protocols for devices, networks, and information to keep them safe against cyber attacks. To work as a cyber security engineer you need to have a bachelor’s degree in computer science , cyber security, mathematics, or any similar field, and for a more advanced job as a security engineer you need to get a master’s or doctorate in this specialty.

The security engineer in companies and institutions builds and applies security technologies, and his work may be the use and operation of various software, building firewalls, identifying problems and gaps and dealing with them. Security engineers are in great demand and their salaries are very high. The average salary in the United States is $96,000 per year, and it can be as high as $137,000 per year.

2. Security Analyst

Security Analyst is a promising cyber security job, in which the employee is responsible for managing the company's technical infrastructure and networks to ensure that they are safe and protected. The job includes controlling access to networks, devices, and data, as well as monitoring firewalls and keeping networks up to date.

The security analyst must be familiar with programming and some programming languages, and have strong analytical skills, in addition to something very important, which is the proactive view of any attack, danger or future impact on the networks and devices that he protects.On average, a security analyst earns $93,000 annually, and his salary increases as his years of experience and academic background increase.

3. Forensic Investigator

It is one of the exciting jobs in the field of cyber security, as it is very similar to the job of a criminal investigator, who is responsible for analyzing, testing and tracking computer data and evidence of cyber crime, and they usually work with government agencies, such as: the police, intelligence, and others. In addition to academic studies, you may need to obtain one or more academic degrees, such as: CCE, GIAC, GCFA, GCFE and GNFA, which are generally a profession that requires continuous study and development.

Typically, a forensic security inspector needs to have solid knowledge of networks, encryption, operating systems , and malware analysis, as well as critical thinking and analysis skills. The field is very promising. Over the next seven years, it will grow by 9%. A criminal security analyst can earn between 95 thousand and 153 thousand dollars annually, and he can get 59,000 immediately after joining his first job.

4. Security Administrator

This job has a lot of titles and tasks that vary according to the company, its size and nature, and it is one of the types of jobs suitable for those who do not have a bachelor’s degree in cyber security or any similar field. The primary task of the security officer is to ensure the integrity of the information and technical infrastructure of the company or organization in which he works, in addition to identifying weaknesses in the systems and trying to fix or strengthen them. The salaries of security officials range from $42,000 to $95,000 annually, with an average of $67,000, and there are increases and incentives to salaries that may reach $5,000 annually.

5. Cyber ​​Security Consultant

The security consultant is the person who undertakes the function of protecting his clients from any electronic attacks or penetration of the company's systems, and he has many broad responsibilities.

Companies resort to a security consultant if their budget does not allow for the establishment of an entire cyber security department, so they hire an expert to take over these matters instead. That is why a security consultant must be familiar with many things such as cyber security, programming languages, operating systems, networking, cryptography, etc. In addition, he may need to obtain one or more of the following certifications: CISA, CISM, CISSP or CGEIT.

6. Penetration Tester

A penetration tester or ethical hacker is one of the most exciting and in-demand jobs in the world of cyber security, as they perform tests and try to detect holes and vulnerabilities in order to report and remedy them. They use the same tools and methods as hackers, and even design their own tools and methods to simulate cyber attacks and crimes before they happen. An ethical hacker must be proficient in some programming languages ​​such as Python , and have extensive experience with operating systems, networks, firewalls, and encryption, as well as knowledge of well-known hacking tools.

Salaries for ethical hackers are very high, ranging from $55,000 to $133,000 per year, while the average is $82,000 per year, with incentives, raises, and bonuses up to 17,000 per year.

7. Malware Analyst

The job of a malware analyst is one of the most in-demand jobs in the cyber security field, a job that includes many jobs as a cyber security engineer, digital analytics expert, programmer, and other technical jobs. The main job of a malware analyst is to analyze and understand new software with which a company or organization is being attacked, and this requires significant technical expertise. The salaries of malware analysts are very high, the average salary in this field exceeds 165,000 dollars annually, and the salary can reach up to 234,000 dollars annually.

8. Chief Information Security Officer

The job of the Chief Information Security Officer is one of the most important jobs in the field of cyber security, in a field such as information security, there is no promising and big job like this job, as it is one of the higher levels of management that directly relates to the CEO of the company.

This job is not for everyone, it needs a lot of requirements, experience, personal and leadership skills, and you need an academic study of information security, IT or any similar field. You may need to obtain a master's or doctorate degree, and you may also need to obtain one or more professional certificates, such as: CCISO.

The Chief Information Security Officer heads all information security operations in his company, and he is the first and last decision-maker regarding information security, and in the case of a large company, he coordinates with governments in everything related to data.

The salaries of chief information security officers are very large, they earn an average of $160,000 per year, and when calculating increases, incentives, bonuses, and others, the salary may reach 350 thousand annually.

What do you need for cyber security jobs?

As we explained before, cyber security jobs are very diverse, but there are many basic skills and requirements that you may need to learn - or at least some of them - in order to get a job in this field:

1. Programming Programming

Programming is an important requirement of working in the field of cyber security, as understanding the basics of programming languages will enable you to deal with various attacks and hacks.

And if you want to learn about the types of programming; I advise you to read this article published on the winners: Types of Electronic Programming (Programming Paradigms)

2. Networking

Understanding the networks of different computers and devices and how they communicate with each other and transfer information between them is very essential, because you will secure these networks and protect them against cyber attacks.

3. Responding to Cyber attacks

There is no need to dwell on this skill. Certainly, as a cybersecurity specialist, it will be your responsibility to deal with any electronic attack and deal with it as required.

4. Understand how systems work Systems and Applications Applications

Another essential knowledge that is indispensable is understanding how the systems and applications your company uses work, as you are primarily responsible for protecting them against any hack or cyber attack.

5. Data Management And Protection

An important part of your job as a cyber security expert is to deal with different data; Whether to analyze it, to secure its storage, or to make sure that it is not exposed to any hack or electronic attack, and this skill in particular is very required in the labor market, especially in light of the era of big data .

6. Knowing the industry you work in

Your knowledge as a cyber security expert does not have to stop at the technical skills related to your job, but you must also develop a deep understanding of the industry in which you work, your company and other processes that take place, in order to identify the best practices to protect this company from various threats, especially those that come From the human factor of the company.

What are the functions of cyber security?
What are the functions of cyber security?

7. Soft skills Soft Skills

Soft skills are an indispensable part of any field you work in, whether cyber security or otherwise. Communication skills , critical thinking, leadership skills and other skills are among the most important skills companies look for.

I must note that you do not need to know and learn all these skills, these are the skills that are required in the field, but each job title or job will require you to only know or master some of these skills, not all of them.


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